The authors knowledge of german language and culture is very helpful. Elalamein is the seaward northern end of a 40milewide bottleneck that is flanked on the south by the. They treat rommel more favorably than might be expected. After the first battle of elalamein, egypt 150 miles west of cairo, ended in a stalemate, the second one was decisive. The battle coincided with the allied invasion of french north africa in operation torch, which started on 8 november, the battle of stalingrad and the guadalcanal campaign.
Another consequence of the battle was the changes it had on the 8th army, most specifically the change in commanders that was a result of the battle. As the allies scrambled to counter the axis armies, the british eighth army confronted the experienced afrika corps, led by german field marshal. It was part of the western desert campaign of world war 2 was fought between the british eighth army led by general claude auchinleck and the axis forces consisting of german and italian units of panzerarmee afrika panzer army africa led by field marshal erwin rommel. Elalamein, coastal town in northwestern egypt, about 60 miles 100 km west of alexandria, that was the site of two major battles between british and axis forces in 1942 during world war ii. The danger to the eighth army had not diminished completely.
The battle coincided with the allied invasion of french north africa in operation torch, which started on 8 november. Much has been said and written about alamein and what role this battle in the desert played in the outcome of the second world war, but the battle of alamein also known by its alternative title war without hate by john bierman and colin smith is not merely another presentation of the well known story. Axis forces were low on armored reserves and low on fuel. After the british had inflicted severe defeats on the italian forces in north africa, the german general erwin rommel was chosen commander of axis forces in libya. It marked the beginning of the end for the axis in north africa. Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples log in dictionary. Although there was much fighting afterwards, in which many lives were lost, it proved an important step towards the final defeat of axis forces in north africa in may 1943. Giorgio ferroni, remigio del grosso, ernesto gastaldi, mino loy, luciano martino, frederick stafford, george hilton. Much has been said and written about alamein and what role this battle in the desert played in the outcome of the second world war, but the battle of alamein also known by its alternative title war without hate by john bierman and colin smith is. Battles of elalamein, 127 july 1942, 23 october11 november 1942, world war ii events. With the allies victorious, it marked a major turning point in the western desert campaign of the second world war. The axis army of italy and germany suffered a decisive defeat by the british eighth army. I took ispiration from an italian war movie which is about this battle. A crucial battle between the weakened german forces and the resurgent british, the battle marked a major turning point in the campaign, ending axis hopes of occupying egypt, taking control of the suez canal, and gaining access to the middle eastern oil fields.
The battle lasted from 23 october to 5 november 1942. Despite their preparations, the german panzers were again unable to break through. Supply lines were very long, and armored units had to be broken up so they did not have to make long drives. General montgomery, using battle plans prepared by gen auchinleck stopped rommel attempt to break through alam halfa towards river nile. Chronically lacking fuel due to overstretched supply lines and allied control of mediterranean sea, the only thing germans and italians.355 930 187 1121 1065 552 44 534 784 1108 1025 38 1066 1217 1204 1198 823 24 1180 386 418 783 357 467 1341 1071 835 1438 1033 528 276 538 531 948 721 681 1183 1499 613 1301 940 176 1499 620